This webcast was recorded on Thursday, May 11 at 12n PDT.
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Animal well-being represents how an animal experiences their life. It characterizes the overall mental experiences of an animal and is a subjective concept that cannot be directly measured. Instead, well-being indicators are used to cautiously infer mental experiences from resource provisions, management factors and a range of animal-based measures. The Five Domains Model is a holistic and structured framework for gathering together these indicators and assessing animal well-being. It is used to systematically assess the well-being of animals in a range of contexts and explicitly focuses on an animal's mental experiences.
The Five Domains Model is used internationally to assess animal well-being in a range of contexts. The Model also represents a framework that could be used to advance animal care – by drawing attention to a wide range of areas where we can make improvements. While animal well-being is an animal-centered concept (i.e., the focus is on assessing an animal's mental experiences), animal care is human-centered (i.e., the focus is on what we can provide for animals). Animal care encourages those responsible for animals to consider providing them with a range of opportunities so that they can have a good life. The aim of this presentation is to demonstrate how the Five Domains can be used to scientifically assess animal well-being and how they also provide a means of considering how best to care for animals.This webcast has been approved for 1 hour of continuing education credit in jurisdictions which recognize RACE approval and 1 hour of CAWA and NACA CE credit.About the presenter
Kat Littlewood, BVSc(Dist), PGDipVCS(Dist), PhD, AFHEA, FANZCVS(AWSEL)
Dr. Littlewood is a veterinarian and Lecturer in Animal Welfare within Tāwharau Ora (School of Veterinary Science) at Massey University. She is a fellow of the Australian and New Zealand College of Veterinary Scientists in Animal Welfare Science, Ethics, & Law.
Kat's research employs social science approaches to better understand complex human-animal interactions and ethically challenging situations. She aims to develop a nuanced understanding of why and how people make the decisions they do about how animals are managed. Kat also works to operationalize the Five Domains Model for animal well-being assessment and training.
Major research themes include: Understanding how animal well-being is conceptualized by different people; Exploring how human values, attitudes, and behaviors influence animal well-being; Developing systematic scientific strategies to evaluate animal well-being; and Implementation of animal well-being policy and standards.
#Behavior,TrainingandEnrichment#Conferences,WorkshopsandWebcasts#EducationandTraining------------------------------alison gibsonSenior Media SpecialistMaddie's Fund------------------------------
Great presentation! Very thought provoking, especially from the Community Cat environment.
Thanks, Stacy.I appreciate your kind words of support.
Wonderful session! Incredibly informative and clear. Speaks particularly well to the case management approach and critical importance of pet behavioral health and wellness. Thank you for all of your work in this area, Dr. Littlewood!
Thanks, Heather.I appreciate you taking the time to post a positive response to the presentation. I am glad it was helpful to you.
Thanks to all who attended the webcast! And to @Stacy LeBaron @Heather Kalman (she/her)for your kind words on this thread for @Kat Littlewood .We had one unanswered question during the webcast and Dr. Littlewood answers it below:
Regarding the toy ball example, is it the same idea even if the enrichment item is more biologically relevant? I.e., if the animal is not interacting with the item, can it still be considered to be ineffective? Could one say that it is still beneficial to the animal because it has the choice to interact with it or not? Thank you!
Dr. Littlewood responds:Not interacting with an item could be an example of an animal exercising agency. This could be the case if the animal is avoiding the item for some reason. What mental experiences might we attribute to this avoidance? Are they afraid of the item, i.e., experiencing fear? If they are not attributing any mental experience (positive or negative) to the item, we would argue that it is irrelevant to them in welfare terms.
I was just re-watching this webinar, and I have to admit that I'm a bit confused about where enrichment falls. For example, what if you provide all of a rabbit's daily pellet ration in a treat ball they have to roll around? Would that fall under Domains 1 and 4, or is enrichment always just Domain 4?
Thanks so much!
Manager, Companion Animal Welfare Science & Policy
Hello @Meghann Cant,
Thank you for your question and for watching the webcast. I sent your inquiry to Dr. Littlewood and will let you know as soon as I hear back from her. Very sincerely,
------------------------------Meghann CantBritish Columbia SPCAOriginal Message:Sent: 02-22-2023 11:55 AMFrom: alison gibsonSubject: Maddie's Insights webcast May 11, 2023: The Five Domains of Animal Care Model
Thank you, Alison!
------------------------------alison gibsonSenior Media SpecialistMaddie's FundOriginal Message:Sent: 08-08-2023 12:53 PMFrom: Meghann CantSubject: Maddie's Insights webcast May 11, 2023: The Five Domains of Animal Care Model
You're welcome, Meghann!
------------------------------Meghann CantBritish Columbia SPCAOriginal Message:Sent: 08-08-2023 04:44 PMFrom: alison gibsonSubject: Maddie's Insights webcast May 11, 2023: The Five Domains of Animal Care Model
Great question! We have recognised that people struggle with this, so we have included a discussion in the latest article we are drafting. I have attached a table from the article here: